He Minister council Yesterday approved the royal decree that will regulate the application of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) during the years 2021 and 2022, a transition period until the application of the changes introduced in the new CAP 2021-2027. A rule that will govern the destiny of 7.2 billion euros (47,724 million until 2027) per year that Spain will receive from the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (Feaga) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). The main discrepancy, between the most important agricultural organizations such as Asaja, COAG or UPA, reside in the basic payment rights. In other words, in the criteria for receiving these grants in greater or lesser amounts.
The standard introduces changes in the basic payment entitlement system, organized in 50 different regions, continuing to adapt them to regional averages with the declared objective from Agriculture that two farmers from the same region, and with the same activity, receive the same basic payment. Also, among other things, reinforces environmental conditionality penalizing practices such as night harvesting. Especially if birds nest during the breeding season. What they have justified in the “environmental ambition” of the CAP.
Back with payment rights
A regulation, which on Monday received criticism from the councilors of Popular Agriculture as reported by ABC, and which has also not achieved the approval of the main agrarian organization, Asaja. Organization that will present allegations. Specifically, from this agrarian organization, they have regretted that the «Haste in the approval of the Royal Decree It has prevented farmers from knowing the regulations in advance ”and, in this way,“ planning ”the plantings and organizing their productions. They have also denounced that the approved text “has not taken into account the demands made by Asaja, nor those of the rest of the agricultural sector” nor the observations of the autonomous communities.
In this sense, they fear that many producers may suffer losses in aid due to the changes introduced in the regulations. He schedule is very tight, since the period to request the new CAP aid for this year begins next Monday, February 1.
Possible impact on aid
For its part, from UPA they have considered that the Royal Decree that “good news because it gives certainty to farmers and ranchers regarding the CAP in these two years.” On the payment rights they have pointed out that you may have “Effects” on some producers with a high basic payment entitlement “and that they will see that amount decrease towards the average for their region.” In this sense, they have asked «Do not generate uneasiness in the sector on purpose ”. In his opinion, the new system approved by Agriculture will mean that those who earn less can receive more help.
Along these lines, from Asaja they have opted for “a real and moderate transition” towards new CAP in 2023 and maintain the current payment convergence system, which seeks to bring the lowest payments closer to the regional average while reducing the largest ones. That is, they believe that the path chosen by the Ministry of Agriculture represents «A leap towards the new PAC model» Without yet having defined elements of the National Strategic Plan such as the future of individual payment rights or the number of productive regions, which Brussels demands to cut.
In any case, UPA asks that “criteria of a social nature and more aimed at family farms” be taken into account and recognizes that for the implementation of this Royal Decree it will be necessary to “analyze in depth the effects” on those farms that see greatly reduced payment entitlements «With the aim of implementing corrective measures in view of the National Strategic Plan that the CAP will determine as of 2023 ».
Asaja has also regretted that access to aid for some groups such as the producers of legumes (legumes) that would be affected by the ban on making payments to farmers who perform night mechanical harvesting and conditionality on pastures