Since 2013, anyone who wants to sell or rent a property must have its energy certificate. There are, however, some exceptions, and it is necessary to remember that it must be renewed after 10 years. The energy certificate is the document prepared by a technician who, after evaluating all the energy aspects of a property, indicates both its energy efficiency and the building’s carbon dioxide emissions. This information is reflected in a report with different annexes, with which an energy label is obtained with ratings ranging from A (greater energy efficiency) to G (no type of energy efficiency). The energy certificate must be prepared by a competent technician, with a degree in drafting projects or managing works or carrying out projects for thermal installations, or professional qualification to carry out efficiency certificates. Its cost is usually between 60 and 150 euros, depending on the region and the surface of the property. The energy certificate report includes, among other information, the location and surface of the property, its orientation, the thermal envelope, the thermal installations and the demand and energy consumption. It also includes recommendations for improving energy efficiency and tests and inspections carried out by the certifying technician. With the presentation of the energy efficiency certificate in the competent body of the autonomous community, the energy label of the property is obtained, in which, together with the data of the home or premises, its rating on the scale from A to G, energy consumption and estimated carbon dioxide emissions. Cases in which it is compulsory The Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism has required the energy certificate since 2013, in addition to for new buildings, for all homes that are going to be rented or sold. It must be presented when carrying out the operation, so that the person who leases or buys the property is informed about its energy efficiency. However, in the case of some properties it is not necessary to present the energy certificate for rental or sale: – Buildings with architectural or historical value, or those protected because they are part of an environment declared with said value, in the case of that actions to improve energy efficiency involve an alteration of its character or appearance. – Buildings or parts of buildings used exclusively as places of worship and for religious activities. – Provisional constructions whose expected term of use is equal to or less than two years. – Non-residential industrial, defense and agricultural buildings, or parts thereof, with low energy demand. Areas that, such as those for workshops and industrial processes, do not require guaranteeing comfortable thermal conditions, are also considered as low energy demand. – Properties with a total useful area of less than 50 square meters. – Buildings that are purchased for major renovations or demolition. – Buildings or homes whose use is less than four months a year, or for a limited time a year, and with an expected energy consumption of less than 25 percent of what would result from its use throughout the year. In addition to being mandatory for the sale or rental of any property that falls outside the above exceptions, the energy certificate must be displayed on a mandatory basis, in a clearly visible place, in all private properties that are regularly frequented by the public and that have with a total useful area of more than 500 square meters; and in those occupied by public authorities that are habitually frequented by the public with a useful area of more than 250 square meters. The energy certificate has a validity period of 10 years, after which it must be renewed. Fines Lacking an energy certificate when a property is rented or sold, falsifying its data or not delivering a copy to the buyer or tenant, among other issues, are considered infractions in terms of certification of the energy efficiency of buildings, sanctioned with fines of between 300 and 6,000 euros. Minor infractions (from 300 to 600 euros fine) include cases such as advertising the sale or rental of a property without indicating its energy rating in the advertisement, not displaying the energy efficiency label in cases where it is mandatory and not renewing it after its term of validity. They are considered serious infractions (with fines of between 601 and 1,000 euros), for example, not presenting the certificate in the competent body of the autonomous community or not delivering it to the buyer or lessee; While among the very serious infractions (from 1,001 to 6,000 euros of fine) is to falsify the information of the certificate or act as a certifying technician without meeting the requirements that are required.
Friday, May 07, 2021