The sol is necessary for the body, improves the state of cheer up and helps to synthesize the vitamin D, essential for bones and the immune system. But, at the same time, the sun’s rays can be harmful, because they cause fotoenvejecimiento (loss of skin hydration and radiance, wrinkles, blemishes) and skin cancer. That is why it is important to expose yourself to it with sun protection and in a prudent way. After having spent so many months covered, the skin is a lot more sensitive to UV rays and it is convenient to prepare it in advance. In addition, in summer the rays are stronger and the danger of Burns is greater, to which must be added that it is usual to spend more time outside.
Exfoliation for a homogeneous tan
One of the routines to prepare the skin before exposing it to the sun is exfoliation. «It is very common that when the skin tans in summer they form parches because of the lack of exfoliation of the skin, therefore the skin should always be exfoliated, at a minimum, before the summer starts and after it finishes to be able to show off juicy and good-looking skin, “he explains. Anna Alocén, Graduated in Chemical Sciences, Master in Dermopharmacy and Cosmetology and responsible for cosmetic formulations at Inner Entreprises (creator of The Essentials firm). The facialista Yvette Pons, owner of Institut Yvette Pons, adds that “exfoliation allows a deep cleansing of the epidermis, freeing it from dead cells, at the same time that circulation is activated and oxygenates itself to prepare the skin before receiving the sun for the first time. In this way, the production of free radicals is not encouraged so much, skin aging is prevented, achieving a longer lasting tan and that the skin does not flake so easily.
Hydration to strengthen the skin barrier
Another very important care to minimize sun damage to the skin is the hydration. A hydrated skin is stronger and more resistant. Yvette Pons assures that «the sun deeply dehydrates, so hydration must be maintained inside and outside. How? Drinking more water, 1.5 to 2 liters per day, to maintain higher physiological reserves. In addition, water adds turgidity to the skin and detoxifies the body. On a topical level, you have to apply moisturizing products, to maintain natural hydration reserves, as well as to protect it. Moisturizers help create a protective barrier on the skin To avoid moisture loss, the dryness and even flaking. Hydration also helps the skin look more beautiful and luminous.
Nutricosmetics, protection from the inside
The solar nutricosmetics it is the perfect complement to topical protection. According to him pharmacist Felipe Martín, owner of the Galileo 61 pharmacy, «Oral sunscreen capsules are used to neutralize the action of solar radiation and ultraviolet rays. They also help calm and reduce damage from the inside even once it has occurred, strengthening the body’s natural barrier and activating its defense mechanisms. The expert warns, however, that “oral sunscreen capsules are in no way a substitute for external protection, but a supplement that enhances the benefits of external care and that strengthens the DNA of skin cells “. It is advisable to start taking solar nutricosmetics a few weeks before the exhibition, during the exhibition and a few weeks later to finish it, so that, in addition, it will be possible to maintain the golden tone of the skin for longer.
Nutrition: essential for beautiful skin
Following a balanced and varied diet is essential to maintain health and also plays a fundamental role in the skin. The Dr. Alfonso Galán, an expert doctor in anti-aging medicine at the Neolife Clinic, advises «to increase the consumption of antioxidants via food or supplementation. Among the most important we can mention the vitamins A, C and E, resveratrol, astaxanthin, melatonin, coenzyme q10, green tea, glutathione, quercetin, curcumin, etc ‘. The shopping list for a healthy tan should include, according to the expert: fruits and vegetables such as carrot, tomato, watermelon, orange, peach or red pepper, among others, rich in carotenoids. Nor should kiwi, grapefruit, mango or lemon, rich in vitamin C. Avocado, nuts, green leafy vegetables and extra virgin olive oil will provide vitamin E. Polyphenols, also necessary, are present in fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes, cocoa, and beverages such as coffee, green tea, and black tea. And vitamin D in fish like sardines, bonito or mackerel.
In addition, experts advise you to start sunbathing in a gradual so that the skin gets used to it. Must avoid exposure in the central hours of the day. Of course, you have to use broad spectrum high sun protection that protects from UVA, UVB, infrared and blue light. At least it is advisable to choose a sunscreen with SPF 30 and it is recommended that it be SPF 50, reapplying every two hours. Aftercare is also important to soothe and rehydrate the skin.