How to take care of blemished skin in summer

People & Style

Araceli Nicolas

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The spots on the skin They are one of the skin problems that concern a greater number of women by causing loss of uniformity of tone. They are a sign of age, like wrinkles or sagging, but sometimes they come out very early. Although there are white or reddish spots, it is the brown ones that generate the most inquiries. The Brown spots appear when melanin accumulates in certain areas, usually on the face, cleavage or handss. Sun exposure is the main triggering factor for these spots and that is why in summer care must be taken to prevent them from increasing.

Sun lentigines, melasma, pieces…

There are different types of brown spots that can affect the skin. The Dr. Ángela Hermosa Gelbarg, dermatologist at Clínica FEMM, explains that among the most frequent are “the melasma, a type of diffuse pigmentation in the central areas of the face (upper lip, forehead or cheeks) whose appearance is greatly influenced by both ultraviolet radiation and visible and infrared light, or solar lentigos, which appear mainly in patients with fair skin, in chronically photo-exposed areas ”.

The parts usually appear for genetic reasons and according to experts from Nivea «They are more frequent in people with a low phototype (I or II), that is, those with whiter skin and light hair. They can also appear with the sun and hormonal changes». On the other hand, «the moles they are groups of melanin, but more intense, they are generated by melanocytes, the skin cells responsible for producing pigment or melanin. The most normal thing is that they appear between 20 and 40 years».

Pregnant, maximum risk in summer

No one is exempt from the fact that the summer can end with a greater number of spots on the skin, especially if sun protection is not used correctly, however, there are risk groups such as pregnant women. “The increased estrogen and progesterone it is related to a greater synthesis of melanin, which can cause a darkening of the skin. Pregnant people stain very easily, since hormonal changes are a fundamental mechanism during pregnancy, “says the pharmacist Carlota Torres, owner of the pharmacy that bears his name. In addition, women who take contraceptives that can suffer melasma from exposures to the sun in summer.

From left to right: Eucerin® Sun Fluid Pigment Control SPF 50+ Sunscreen for blemished skin (€ 18.10);  Sunscreen for skin with spots Heliocare 360º Pigment Solution Fluid from Cantabria Labs (€ 23.62);  Photocorrector Advanced Brightening UV Defense SPF 50 by SkinCeuticals (€ 45).
From left to right: Eucerin® Sun Fluid Pigment Control SPF 50+ Sunscreen for blemished skin (€ 18.10); Sunscreen for skin with spots Heliocare 360º Pigment Solution Fluid from Cantabria Labs (€ 23.62); Photocorrector Advanced Brightening UV Defense SPF 50 by SkinCeuticals (€ 45). – DR

On the other hand, the pharmacist also warns that “people who have the clear skin, with many moles, are a risk group. As well as the people who present autoimmune diseases and those who take some medication that cause the skin to be more sensitive to sunlight. Another risk group are bald people, who can suffer from actinic keratosis, which is a precancerous lesion. ‘

High, broad-spectrum sun protection, key to preventing spots in summer

The essential step to prevent skin blemishes is, according to experts, to limit sun exposure and always do it using a high sunscreen (FPS 50+) and broad spectrum (UVA, UVB, blue and infrared light). Dr. Angela Hermosa Gelbarg recalls that «you have to reapply the photoprotector every hour so that the protection is effective, as well as to use a suitable quantity of product ».

The pharmacist Carlota Torres advises «to use sunscreen also on cloudy days, do not forget any area, avoid being in the sun between 12 and 4, when it is more intense, and wear protective clothing whenever possible. For people who suffer from spots on the skin, it is advisable to choose protectors specific suns for pigmented skin and, in addition, the pharmacist recommends supplementing with «oral sunscreen, which protect from the sun beyond what the cream does ».

From left to right: Photo Reverse anti-stain sunscreen from Institut Esthederm (€ 68);  Mario Badescu Vitamin C Serum (€ 51.99, at Sephora);  RetivitC Serum, Transformation Secret from MG Collection with vitamins and encapsulated retinol (€ 120).
From left to right: Photo Reverse anti-stain sunscreen from Institut Esthederm (€ 68); Mario Badescu Vitamin C Serum (€ 51.99, at Sephora); RetivitC Serum, Transformation Secret from MG Collection with vitamins and encapsulated retinol (€ 120). – DR

The best facial routine for blemished skin

In addition, there are other assets that can control pigmentations. “The antioxidants, like vitamin C, help prevent stains. In addition, they inhibit the production of melanin and can be used as adjuvants in the treatment of sun spotsas they help to repair the damage induced by solar radiation in the DNA of skin cells ”, says the dermatologist Hermosa Gelbarg from the FEMM Clinic. So a suitable routine for blemished skin would be to apply in the morning an antioxidant (after cleansing the skin) and then the sunscreen.

From left to right: Luminous 630 anti-blemish serum from Nivea Cellular (€ 15.99) and Rvolut Glycolic Acid 4% + AHA 1% facial peel (€ 27).
From left to right: Luminous 630 anti-blemish serum from Nivea Cellular (€ 15.99) and Rvolut Glycolic Acid 4% + AHA 1% facial peel (€ 27). – DR

Although for treat stains with lasers and peels wait until the end of summer, during these months it is possible to use at night depigmenting assets (hydroquinone, azelaic acid, retinol, tranexamic acid …), always under the supervision of an expert from the medical sector.

The pharmacist Carlota Torres explains that “it is important to take into account whether the skin is used to this type of product. For example, if the skin is retinized by retinol, can continue to be used, but not every dayIt would be a good option to use it two nights a week and taking into account that SPF50 + sunscreen should be applied in sufficient quantity, and avoid the sun ». The pharmacist advises to use at night, a moisturizing and repairing serum, after cleaning, and a depigmenting to treat blemishes. As a weekly treatment, the expert recommends an enzymatic peel and then a hydrating mask.

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