How to treat sun spots

Beauty

Araceli Nicolas

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It is usual that after the summer the skin of the face presents some spots that reduce the luminosity and homogeneity of the tone. Although they can appear at any age, over the years the pigment irregularities they are more common, so they are even more worrying than wrinkles. Although spots on the skin can be due to other factors such as hormonal disturbances or the use of some drugs, the solar exposition is the main reason for its appearance. “The spots are produced by an increase in the activity of melanocytes or cells that produce melanin, which is the pigment of the skin. And although there are different types of stains, the most frequent are pigmented “says the doctor Gabriel Serrano, dermatologist and founder of Sesderma.

Ylé Cosmetics Led Phototherapy System Mask, light therapy device for professionals and end consumers to treat spots (€ 202.30).
Ylé Cosmetics Led Phototherapy System Mask, light therapy device for professionals and end consumers to treat spots (€ 202.30). – DR

Preventing them by using photoprotection daily is the first step, but once they have appeared, they can be treated to improve their appearance and restore its luminosity to the face.

The most common spots after summer

According Gema Cabañero, director of the Gema Cabañero Antiaging & Aesthetic Clinic, the most common stains after summer are solar lentigos, “A type of hyperpigmentation that appears around the age of 30 or 40 caused by repeated exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun.” Another type of spots that are usually more visible after summer is the melasma. Of hormonal origin, melasma appears on the cheeks or upper lip and is common in pregnant women or those taking contraceptives. They may also be more visible parts.

To effectively treat skin blemishes, it is essential to put yourself in the hands of an expert who can make a good diagnosis. The Dr. Pedro Rodríguez, dermatologist at the International Dermatological Clinic, explains that “although solar lentigos are not dangerous, sometimes a malignant lentigo, which is a facial variant of melanoma (skin cancer), can simulate a sun spot, so an accurate diagnosis is advisable before starting any treatment.

From left to right: Ultra Plus Lactic & amp;  Glycolic from Camaleon Cosmetics (€ 14.95);  Sesderma Azelac Ru SPF 50 Luminous Fluid (€ 34.95);  Photo-Reverse by Institut Esthederm (€ 68).
From left to right: Ultra Plus Lactic & Glycolic by Camaleon Cosmetics (€ 14.95); Sesderma Azelac Ru SPF 50 Luminous Fluid (€ 34.95); Photo-Reverse by Institut Esthederm (€ 68). – DR

How to treat skin blemishes at home

Having the diagnosis is the first step and from there the objective is to treat them to reduce them and lighten their color, so that the skin tone can be evened out. In addition to use photoprotection daily high in the areas that are exposed, you must follow a beauty routine with products depigmenting. «It is essential to choose the right product for every need: texture serum for a more intensive action, ampoules or skin roller for more persistent or focused spots, and more hydrating textures such as cream-gel or fluid with sunscreen for photo-aged skins», Says Dr. Gabriel Serrano.

From left to right: Bio10 Forte M-Lasma intensive depigmenting treatment by Bella Aurora (€ 39.95);  Retionil facial oil by Sarah Becquer (€ 105);  Clarifying Depigmenting Cream with Kojic Acid from CR Cosmetics (€ 29.90).
From left to right: Bio10 Forte M-Lasma intensive depigmenting treatment by Bella Aurora (€ 39.95); Retionil facial oil by Sarah Becquer (€ 105); Clarifying Depigmenting Cream with Kojic Acid from CR Cosmetics (€ 29.90). – DR

Regarding the best active ingredients to eliminate stains, the expert in beauty and aesthetics Carmen navarro explains that “it is melanin inhibitors such as kojic acid, with antimicrobial effect, perfect for working with pigmented acne scars, or the lipoic acid, with depigmenting action, the ferulic acid, active antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, the C vitamin, the antioxidant par excellence, which clarifies and prevents the excess production of melanin or the niacinamida with photoprotective, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Without forgetting the licorice root extract, which inhibits tyrosinase, a key enzyme in the pigmentation process ”. In addition, to treat stains are also very effective retinoides, hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid or lactic acid, hydroquinone, azelaic acid or tranexamic acid. For a depigmenting cream to work, you have to be consistent with treatment and choose the most suitable for the type of stains, something that must be determined by a professional.

The most effective aesthetic treatments against hyperpigmentation of the skin

When the spots do not respond to topical treatments, medical-aesthetic protocols can be used. According to Dr. Pedro Rodríguez, of the International Dermatology Clinic, «As the most effective treatment against stains we recommend the To be nano / picosecond, which manages to selectively eliminate them, with very good results and safely. It is important to do it when the skin is not tanned, normally two or three sessions are required for its elimination ”.

Mela Topicream ultra-moisturizing unifying body milk, unifies the skin, prevents blemishes and visibly reduces existing ones (€ 35.95).
Mela Topicream ultra-moisturizing unifying body milk, unifies the skin, prevents blemishes and visibly reduces existing ones (€ 35.95). – DR

The Gema Cabañero antiaging & aesthetic clinic uses the treatment of Rejuvenecimiento Integral Stop SUN light, ideal for stains caused by excess UV radiation. As the expert explains, “during this treatment, Intense Pulsed Light that it uses different wavelengths to deepen more or less depending on the spot ”. Between 3 and 6 sessions are required. Price per session: € 180.

Carmen navarro advises the protocolo Melan-Tranx. It is a depigmenting method that regulates the pigmentation process. “What is achieved is to reduce the vascularization that often accompanies melasmas and other hyperpigmentation, to work on the inflammatory process that arises after some skin lesions such as scars or acne and to regulate the pigmentation process in a very effective way. The key to its success is the use of tranexamic acid, a state-of-the-art ingredient that acts on keratinocytes and inhibits the release of those factors that trigger the inflammatory process “, says the expert. Between 4 and 6 sessions are recommended. Price per session: € 155.

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