Sixteen New World Heritage Sites in Europe


  • Colonies of Benevolence (Belgium and the Netherlands)

    Frederiksoord is one of the former Colonies of Benevolence, built in 1818 with the aim of giving the poor of the big cities a better life in the countryside – EFE / VINCENT JANNINK

    Unesco has listed four cultural landscapes: one colony in Belgium and three in the Netherlands. In the 19th century they were part of an effort to alleviate urban poverty by establishing agricultural colonies in remote locations. Established in 1818, Frederiksoord (Netherlands) is the first of these colonies and is home to the original headquarters of the Society of Benevolence, an association that aimed to reduce poverty at the national level. The other properties endorsed by Unesco are the colonies of Wilhelminaoord and Veenhuizen, in the Netherlands, and Wortel in Belgium.

  • Cordouan Lighthouse, France

    Faro de Cordouan
    Faro de Cordouan – Philippe LOPEZ / AFP

    It was designed by the engineer Louis de Foix, inaugurated in 1611 and remodeled by the engineer Joseph Teulère at the end of the 18th century. A masterpiece of maritime signage, the monumental Cordouan tower is decorated with pilasters, modillion columns and gargoyles. It embodies the great stages in the architectural and technological history of lighthouses and was built with the ambition to continue the tradition of the famous beacons of antiquity, illustrating the art of building lighthouses in a period of renewed navigation.

  • Darmstadt Artists Colony in Mathildenhöhe (Germany)

    Vista general deMathildenhoehe en Darmstadt
    Vista general deMathildenhoehe en Darmstadt – EFE / EPA / ARMANDO BABANI

    The Darmstadt Artists Colony in Mathildenhöhe, west-central Germany, was established in 1897 by Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse, as a center for emerging reform movements in architecture, arts and crafts. The buildings of the colony were created by its artist members as experimental living and working environments in those modern times. The colony was expanded during successive international exhibitions in 1901, 1904, 1908 and 1914.

  • Frescoes from the 14th century in Padua, Italy

    Visitors to the Scrovegni Chapel admire Giotto's frescoes
    Visitors to the Scrovegni Chapel admire Giotto’s frescoes – EFE / EPA / NICOLA FOSSELLA

    The Unesco declaration includes eight building complexes, religious and secular, within the historic walled city of Padua, which house a selection of fresco cycles painted between 1302 and 1397 by different artists for different types of patrons. However, the frescoes maintain a unity of style and content. Among them, those of Giotto in the Scrovegni Chapel.

  • Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, Madrid

    Museo Nacional del Prado, one of the buildings that are part of Madrid's 'Landscape of Light'
    Museo Nacional del Prado, one of the buildings that are part of Madrid’s ‘Landscape of Light’ – EFE / Marshal

    Located in the urban heart of Madrid – says UNESCO -, the 200-hectare cultural landscape evolved since the creation of the tree-lined Paseo del Prado, prototype of the Hispanic avenue, in the 16th century. The avenue has important fountains, among which the Cibeles and Neptuno fountains stand out, and the Plaza de Cibeles, an iconic symbol of the city, surrounded by prestigious buildings. The site embodies a new idea of ​​urban space and development from the absolutist enlightened period of the 18th century. As for the Jardines del Buen Retiro, they show different styles of gardening from the 19th century to the present day.

  • Roșia Montană mining landscape, Romania

    A general view of the landscape of Rosia Montana
    A general view of the landscape of Rosia Montana – IORDACHESCU / AFP

    Roșia Montană, located in the metalliferous range of the Apuseni Mountains in western Romania, features the most significant, extensive and technically diverse underground Roman gold mining complex known at the time of inscription. Like Alburnus Maior, it was the site of extensive gold mining during the Roman Empire.

  • The great spa towns of Europe

    Karlovy Vary spa town in the Czech Republic
    Karlovy Vary spa town in the Czech Republic – EFE / EPA / MARTIN DIVISION

    The Unesco declaration covers 11 cities in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Františkovy Lázně (Czechia); Karlovy Vary (Czechia); Mariánské Lázně (Czechia); Vichy (France); Bad Ems (Germany); Baden-Baden (Germany); Bad Kissingen (Germany); Montecatini Terme (Italy); and the city of Bath (UK). All these towns developed around natural mineral water springs. They bear witness to the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s, leading to the rise of large international resorts.

  • Frontiers of the Roman Empire: Limes of Lower Germany (Germany, Netherlands)

    Roman remains in the area recognized by UNESCO
    Roman remains in the area recognized by UNESCO – Timeline Foundation / Dutch Limes Collaboration (NL)

    Following the left bank of the Rhine for approximately 400 km from the Rhenish massif in Germany to the North Sea coast in the Netherlands, the new Unesco-protected site consists of 102 components of a section of the borders of the Roman Empire. Thus, military and civilian sites and infrastructure are recognized that marked the boundary of Lower Germany from the 1st to 5th centuries AD The archaeological remains on the property include military bases, forts, forts, towers, temporary camps, roads, ports, a base of fleet, a canal and an aqueduct, as well as civil settlements, towns, cemeteries, sanctuaries, an amphitheater and a palace. Almost all of these archaeological remains are buried underground.

  • Nice, winter holiday town

    Promenade des Anglais, in Niza
    Promenade des Anglais, in Niza – Valery HACHE / AFP

    The Mediterranean city of Nice, near the border with Italy, shows the evolution as a winter holiday city due to the mild climate and its location by the sea at the foot of the Alps. From the middle of the 18th century, it attracted a growing number of aristocratic and upper-class families, mainly British, who spent the winter there. In 1832, Nice, then part of the Kingdom of Savoy-Piedmont-Sardinia, adopted a regulatory urban plan with the aim of making it attractive to foreigners. Soon after, the Camin dei Inglesi, a modest 2-meter-wide footpath along the seashore, was widened to become a prestigious promenade, known as the Promenade des anglais after the city was ceded to France in 1860. .

  • ShUM sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz

    Worms Jewish Cemetery
    Worms Jewish Cemetery – EFE/EPA/RONALD WITTEK

    The complex of Speyer, Worms and Mainz includes the Jewish Courtyard of Speyer, with the structures of the synagogue and the shulfemenina (synagogue in Yiddish), the archaeological remains of the yeshiva (religious school), the courtyard and the mikvah (ritual bath) still intact underground, which has preserved its high architectural and constructive quality. The new protected site also comprises the Worms Synagogue Precinct, with its post-war reconstruction in situ of the 12th century synagogue and 13th century female shul, community hall (Rashi House) and monumental century mikvah. XII, as well as the old Jewish cemetery of Worms and the old Jewish cemetery of Mainz. The acronym ShUM corresponds to the Hebrew initials of Speyer, Worms and Mainz.

  • Porticoes of Bologna, Italy

    Porticoes of Bologna
    Porticoes of Bologna – EFE / EPA / ANSA

    The Unesco approved site consists of twelve parts consisting of sets of porticoes and their surrounding built areas, located within the municipality of Bologna from the 12th century to the present day. These ensembles are considered the most representative of the city’s porticoes, which cover a total stretch of 62 km. Some are made of wood, others made of stone or brick, as well as reinforced concrete, covering paths, squares and walkways, either on one or both sides of a street.

  • The slate landscape of North West Wales

    Dinorwig Slate Quarry Mountain Landscape
    Dinorwig Slate Quarry Mountain Landscape – RCAHMW

    The slate landscape of North West Wales illustrates the transformation that quarrying and industrial slate mining brought about in the traditional rural setting of the mountains and valleys of the Snowdon Massif. Unesco endorses in its declaration six sites, each of which includes quarries and relict mines, archaeological sites related to the industrial processing of slate, historical settlements, both living and relict, historical gardens and large country houses, ports, ports and docks, and rail and road systems that illustrate the functional and social linkages of the relict slate industrial landscape.

  • Water defense lines in the Netherlands

    Muiderslot Castle, in Muiden, part of the new Unesco-protected water defense line
    Castle Muiderslot, in Muiden, part of the new water defense line protected by Unesco – Sem van der Wal / ANP / AFP

    This is a significant change to the boundaries of the site, first inscribed in 1996, stretching from IJsselmeer (formerly known as Zuiderzee) in Muiden to the Biesbosch estuary in Werkendam. In particular, the expansion illustrates a single military defense system, which was based on flood fields, hydraulic installations and a series of fortifications and military posts that spread over an area of ​​85 km. It also includes three smaller components: Fort Werk IV, the Tiel flood channel, and Fort Pannerden near the German border.

  • Jože Plečnik’s Works in Ljubljana – Human Centered Urban Design

    View of the three bridges in an image taken in 2017
    View of the three bridges in an image taken in 2017 – Matevž Paternoster / Ljubljana Museum and Galleries

    The work that the architect Jože Plečnik carried out in Ljubljana between the First and Second World Wars is an example of a human-centered urban design that successively changed the identity of the city after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Unesco cites a series of public spaces (squares, parks, streets, promenades, bridges) and public institutions (national library, churches, markets, funeral complex) that were significantly integrated into the pre-existing urbanism.

  • Mound of Arslantepe, Turkey

    Panoramic of the mound of Arslantepe in the plain of Orduzu
    Overview of the mound of Arslantepe in the Orduzu plain – Roberto Ceccacci / MAIAO

    Arslantepe Mound is a 30-meter-high archaeological site located on the Malatya Plain, 12 km southwest of the Euphrates River. The archaeological evidence of the site attests its occupation since at least the sixth millennium BC. Until the late Roman period. The first layers of the early Uruk period are characterized by adobe houses from the first half of the fourth millennium BC. The most prominent and flourishing period of the site was in the late Chalcolithic period, during which the so-called palace complex was built.

  • Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea

    Petroglyphs of Cape Peri Nos II, III.  Photo of the petroglyphs
    Petroglyphs of Cape Peri Nos II, III. Photo of the petroglyphs – NVLobanova / Republic Center for State Protection of Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Karelia

    The site contains 4,500 petroglyphs carved into the rocks during the Neolithic period that date from 6 to 7 thousand years ago and are located in the Republic of Karelia in the Russian Federation. It is one of the largest sites in Europe with petroglyphs documenting the Neolithic culture in Fennoscandia. Those recognized by UNESCO are 33 sites in two parts 300 km apart.

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