Years ago Sunscreens they were only used on the beach or in the pool. But now we know that you have to use them daily, even if it’s cloudy and even if we’re not going to sunbathe. UV rays are responsible for 80% of skin aging, in addition to causing skin cancer.
This is how the scientist and cosmetologist explains it Arturo Álvarez-Bautista, Scientific Director of SVR Laboratories: «The sun is a source of life, but its radiation, especially UVA and UVB, is the main cause of fotoenvejecimiento prematuro, the hyperpigmentation and the alterations of the vast majority of skin pathologies. Skin cells have a high capacity to repair themselves, but with time and age that capacity is lost and this regeneration is slower and slower and the skin appears stiff, leathery, thickened, that is to say, photoaging ».
He adds that, in addition, “the UV rays emitted by the sun penetrate our skin, generating damage to genetic material (DNA) of cells, when a cell has its DNA damaged, in colloquial terms, it goes crazy, grows senseless and divides without criteria and at an uncontrolled speed. This lack of control and excessive cell growth causes excess cells to accumulate, giving rise to what we know as tumor, which can be malignant or benign. Sun protection blocks almost 99% of this UV radiation. ‘
What areas must be protected from the sun’s rays on a daily basis?
When walking down the street, having a drink on a terrace, spending time in the park with the children or playing sports outside, the skin is exposed to the sun. Logically it is not the same exposure to which we are subjected when we spend a day at the beach or in the field of excursion. That’s why you have to adequate sun protection, specifically protect the most exposed areas and look for textures that adapt to each skin.
The face is the part of the body that is constantly exposed to the sun. Even now with the mask, it is necessary to use psun protection every day, also when it is cloudy. «The masks are not made of UV-protective fabrics, which there are, and therefore we cannot ensure that the radiation does not pass through the mask. In addition, with the use of masks the skin is more altered, there are more inflammation, redness, sensitivity in the covered area and therefore the risk, no matter how low, of hyperpigmentation is greater ”, clarifies Arturo Álvarez-Bautista.
Other areas that are usually always exposed to the sun are neck, ears and hands. When the temperature rises, in spring, they can also be exposed cleavage, arms, back, shoulders, or legs. Although aging is more visible on the face, do not forget any of them.
How to choose the best sunscreen for your face?
When choosing a sunscreen for your face, you have to assess various aspects: the type of skin (oily, dry, sensitive, with acne), the phototype (burns easily or not) and hours of exposure.
The pharmacist María José Cejas Delgado, head of the Europa Pharmacy in Puente Genil (Córdoba), points out that “on skin that does not have blemishes and is not very exposed, because it spends much of the day office, you can use a sunscreen with SPF 30, including protection against blue light. In summer it is better SPF 50. I recommend this same filter for people who work outdoor and for those that burn easily. Regarding the textures, for example, in oily, combination or acne skin, you should choose a light sunscreen, oil free and mattifying».
For his part, the scientific director of SVR Laboratories adds that he prefers “the chemical filterThe physical filter is heavy for me and a mineral formula (physical filter), although increasingly successful, are always heavier. On the subject of masks, I recommend fluid, comfortable textures that do not leave a feeling of stickiness.
In the dry skin It is advisable to choose sun creams with richer textures. And for the sensitive skin, dermatologically tested protectors.
Laboratories and cosmetic firms have made much progress in recent years to develop sun creams that do not leave the skin white, that are suitable for all skin types, that do not irritate the eyes if you sweat, for example, when playing sports, that, in addition to protecting, offer other benefits such as hydration, prevention and correction of spots. Another alternative is the fotomaquillaje, sunscreens that, in addition to protecting, add color to the face, unifying the tone and achieving an immediate good-face effect.
Ultimately, the key to using sunscreen every day is choosing one that is comfortable.
How to apply it correctly
Sunscreen is applied to the face after moisturizer and before makeup, if used. In some skins, it may be enough to apply the antioxidant serum and then the photoprotection.
It is important to be generous with the amount of sunscreen and do not forget any area (neck, décolleté, if it is exposed, and ears). In addition, it is necessary reapply each hour, just like it is done on the beach or in the pool. Choosing a small format that can be carried with you is very practical so as not to forget. If makeup is used, there are also options to avoid spoiling it.
The pharmacist María José Cejas advises «the format spray, the type cushion with color, which is ideal for retouching makeup and protecting ourselves, and mineral filter brushes. It should be reapplied in all areas that are exposed to the sun, which, in spring, are usually also neck and neckline. In addition, if you are concerned about photoaging, hyperpigmentation or a sun allergy, we also recommend the oral photoprotection». The latter should always be used in combination with topical protection, it does not protect if used alone.